Adderall XR and Adderall are drugs designed to combat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children 6 years of age and older and in adults. Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant better known as an amphetamine.
If you have a heart defect, other heart problems including heart disease or high blood pressure, an overactive thyroid, glaucoma, or a history of drug abuse, you should not take Adderall. It would be unwise to take Adderall if you have a history of drug abuse as amphetamines are conducive to addiction and abuse. Adderall should not be taken if you have taken an anti-depressant in the past 14 days or are currently taking an anti-depressant daily. Taking an anti-depressant with Adderall can cause coma, seizures, or high body temperature. All of these things are serious and can be fatal.
The side effects or possible risks of taking Adderall include worsening psychosis if you already exhibit symptoms of psychosis (mental illness), an increase in the prevalence of nervous tics and Tourette's disorder, and possible decreased growth (in children) and weight loss. If you are pregnant or may become pregnant, tell your doctor because taking Adderall while pregnant can result in a low birth weight.
In February of 2005, Health Canada suspended marketing Adderall XR products in the Canadian market following reports of Sudden Unexplained Death (SUD) in children that were taking Adderall XR. In August of 2005, the FDA announced that Health Canada was going to re-allow the marketing of Adderall and Adderall XR in Canadian markets for the treatment of ADHD. The drug will be available but its label includes new warnings about who should not take Adderall and Adderall XR as well as a label that goes into more detail about the risks of abuse.